2 edition of State universal service funding and policy: an overview and survey found in the catalog.
State universal service funding and policy: an overview and survey
Edwin Allen Rosenberg
by National Regulatory Research Institute in Columbus, Ohio (1080 Carmack Rd. Columbus 43210-1002)
Written in English
|Statement||Edwin A. Rosenberg and John D. Wilhelm.|
|Series||NRRI ;, 98-20, NRRI (Series) ;, 98-20.|
|Contributions||Wilhelm, John D., National Regulatory Research Institute (Ohio State University)|
|LC Classifications||HE7781 R682 1998|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiii, 84 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||84|
|LC Control Number||98221319|
Background. The term universal service was introduced in the early twentieth century. In many countries, such as the UK, United States, and Taiwan, voice telephony services have had subsidies for rural or poor customers. Although broadband has a technical meaning, in public policy discussions it means Internet access at higher rates than obsolete dial-up Internet access. Christa Porter is the State E-rate Coordinator for Public Libraries in Nebraska. She can be reached at the Library Commission via email, or by calling , or Nebraska E-rate contacts for public libraries and schools.
Australia has a universal health care system, primarily funded by Medicare, which is funded partly by a 2% Medicare levy (with exceptions for low-income earners), with any shortfall being met by the government from general revenue.. The amount paid by Medicare includes: patient health costs based on the Medicare Benefits Schedule. Typically, Medicare covers % of . Nebraska Universal Service Funds 4 disbursements compared to the national average were the High Cost program and the Rural Health Care program. Nebraska was below the national average for the Lifeline program and the Schools and Libraries program. Table 2. Federal Universal Service Funding Per Capita Disbursements by Program for.
State support: $ Federal match: $ Funding () Federal: $2,, State: $,* * Source: National Regulatory Research Institute (NRRI), Universal Service Funding Mechanism Survey. The state portion ($) of this beneﬁ t is funded through an end-user surcharge applied to intrastate retail rates. All retail providers of. Mr. Wilson is Vice President of Sales and Consulting Services for CostQuest Associates. Mr. Wilson focuses his consulting efforts in the areas of rural telecommunications policy, universal service funding, interconnection, and operational analysis for wireless, competitive, and incumbent local carriers.
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STATE UNIVERSAL SERVICE FUNDING AND POLICY: AN OVERVIEW AND SURVEY Edwin A. Rosenberg, Ph.D. Senior Economist and John D. Wilhelm Graduate Research Associate The National Regulatory Research Institute Carmack Road Columbus, Ohio September This report was prepared by The National Regulatory Research Institute.
State Universal Service Funding and Policy_ An Overview and Survey Revises provisions to require the FCC in administering federal universal service funding mechanisms and developing a contribution methodology for federal universal.
Universal service funds: Ten states 6 have state universal service funds (USFs) to support broadband projects. The federal government and states initially established the funds to enable “universal service,” the idea that every American should have access to telephone service.
State Universal Service Funding and Policy_ An Overview and Survey State Universal Service Funding and Policy_ An Overview and Survey September 1, State Universal Service Funding And Policy: An Overview And Survey By: Edwin A.
Rosenberg, Ph.D. Senior Economist And John D. Wilhelm Graduate Research Associate May. State universal service [State USF]: States have updated their state universal service funds—traditionally used to extend telephone service—to support broadband expansion.
Other funding or financing mechanisms [Other]: States provide other mechanisms for funding and financing broadband. These include state and local bonding authorities, and.
Universal service is the principle that all Americans should have access to communications services. Universal service is also the name of a fund and the category of FCC programs and policies to implement this principle.
Universal service is a cornerstone of the law that established the FCC, the Communications Act of Since that time, universal service policies have. Overview. The Vermont Universal Service Fund (VUSF) was established by Vermont law in through the enactment of 30 V.S.A.
§ for the purpose of creating a financial structure that will allow every Vermont household to obtain basic telecommunications service at an affordable price, and to finance that structure with a proportional charge on all.
Funding for the VICP comes from the Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund, funded from an excise tax of $ on every dose of covered vaccine that is purchased. Thimerosal and Mercury Thimerosal, a preservative that contains a form of mercury, was used in very small amounts for over 50 years as a preservative in some vaccines and to protect.
USAC administers the Universal Service Fund under the direction of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The Universal Service Fund helps communities and people across the U.S. stay connected to the information, resources, and care they need.
How much funding is available. Inthe FCC's the Second E-Rate Order increased the cap for the program to $ billion in funding yearindexed to inflation going forward. The funding cap for funding year is $ billion. Does the E-Rate program duplicate state and local efforts.
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): One would hope that the above titled book is the last word on universal service but regrettably it will not be. Who Pays for Universal Service is a thorough examination of this policy from the economic perspective.
It explores the definition and questions the rationales. published “State Universal Service Funding and Policy: An Overview and Survey.” The report noted that state commissions have taken a variety of approaches to support universal service.
Many state commissions have adopted or are evaluating cost models to determine the level of universal service support required in a state. The. The state academic standards posted here serve to outline learning expectations for Michigan’s students and are intended to guide local curriculum development.
They should be used as a framework by schools for curriculum development with the curriculum itself prescribing instructional resources, methods, progressions, and additional knowledge. Overview. In Act 41 ofthe Vermont legislature created the Division for Telecommunications and Connectivity within the Vermont Department of Public Service.
The Division’s mission is to promote and expand access to high-speed internet to underserved locations in Vermont. The Division awards broadband development grants from the Connectivity Initiative as part of its.
Table 2: Presence of State-Level Universal Service Programs for Each State and the District of Columbia 47 Table 3: Residential and Single-Line Business Monthly Tariff Local Telephone Rates for Sampled Places by State 49 Figures Figure 1: Universal Service Funding Mechanisms and Beneficiaries Figure 2: State-Level Universal Service Programs in.
Overview of Universal Service Provision (USP) in Malaysia • to provide communication access to target underserved areas, localities, and groups within a community OBJECTIVE • collective access to basic telephony service and internet access services followed by individual access for both services PRIORITIES • by designated service.
Forest Service projects, based on most recent estimates, that its proposed program of work will contribute betweenand(average annual full-time, part-time, temporary, and seasonal) jobs to the economy and between $30 billion and $31 billion in gross domestic product.
This funding aligns with the priority to improve the. Based on the Telecommunications Act ofthe Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created the E-rate program to provide schools and libraries affordable access to advanced telecommunications services. The E-rate program, also known as the Universal Service Schools and Libraries Program, is administered by the Universal Service Administrative Company.
Survey results presented in a February GAO study, Federal and State Universal Service Programs and Challenges to Funding (GAO), identifies thirteen state-funded E. Introduction Discounted telecommunications rates for libraries and K schools became law on February 8, when President Clinton signed the Telecommunications Act of Schools and libraries were designated as universal service providers and a critical link in leveling the playing field in the information age, according to Mary R.
Somerville, president of the American. The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated is one of the few government agencies explicitly authorized by .Paper/Pencil Sample Item Sets.
The sample items included in this set can be used by students and teachers to become familiar with the kinds of items students will encounter on the paper/pencil summative sample items demonstrate the rigor of Michigan’s academic content standards.Rule Commission Authority.
Consistent with O.C.G.A. §the Commission is authorized to create and establish regulations to administer a universal service fund for each gas company that elects to become subject to the provisions of Article 5 of Chapter 4 of Title 46 of the Official Code of Georgia Annotated, and which satisfies the requirements of O.C.G.A.